Blackjack, known as “vint-et-un” (“21”) in French casinos in the 1700s, has been played in the United States since the 19th century. Blackjack is so named because the player receives a greater reward if he receives a Jack of Spades and an Ace of Spades as his first two cards (of course, the suit of spades is black). is).
The game got its name Blackjack because if the player has Jack of Spades and Ace of Spades as his opening cards, he will receive more payouts. Blackjack was born because spades were black and jacks were the important cards.
Gambling was legal throughout the West from the 1850s to 1910, but was legalized in Nevada in 1910.
Offenses involving gambling. In 1931, Nevada legalized casino gambling again and blackjack became one of the major games of chance offered to players. As some of you may remember, 1978 was the year casino gambling was legalized in Atlantic City, New Jersey.
The first recognized attempt to apply mathematics to blackjack was recorded in 1956 when Roger Baldwin published an article in the Journal of the American Statistical Association entitled “The Optimal Blackjack Strategy.” In 1962, Professor Edward O. Thorp refined the basic strategy and developed the first card-counting technique. He published his findings in 1963 in a book that was so popular that it spent a week on the New York Times bestseller list, Beat the Dealer.
Thanks to this book, some casinos have changed the rules of blackjack to make it even more advantageous than before. However, it did not last long as people protested by refusing to play games with unfavorable rules.Casinos quickly responded by reverting to the original rules.
Over the next few years , more books and systems on winning blackjack were published. Stanley Roberts also helped share winning systems and wealth in his book Winning Blackjack. Blackjack soon rivaled craps as the most popular casino his game in Nevada.
By the 1970s, computers capable of running one-million-hand blackjack simulations enabled players to develop sophisticated game strategies, and many scientists, mathematicians, university professors, and other intellectuals I started writing a book about games. It soon became apparent that casinos feared that computer-developed scientific systems would adversely affect their potential winnings, and in the 1970s many casinos turned their games to counter computer strategies. Changed from a single deck to a multi-deck game.
A notable living legend of this era was Ken Uston, who in 1977 used his five computers built into the shoes of his members of the team. The player won over $100,000 in a short period of time, but one of his computers was confiscated and shipped.